Salacea village is situated on the north-western part of Romania, and on the northern part of Bihor county, in the neighborhood of Satu Mare county. It is situated at the intersection of the 470 26’  line of longitude and the 210 55’ eastern line of latitude.

It is bounded by seven villages. On the sounth-west is bounded by Buduslau, on the western part by Otomani, on the south by Cheţ, on the east by Szilágypér, on the north-western part by Galoşpetreu, on the north by Văşad and Andrid. From geographical point of view it belongs to Ierului Valley

From administrative point of view Otomani has belonged to it since 1956. This village formerly belonged to Tarcea. In the last years of communism Albiş and Buduslău too belonged to Szalacs. With car you can reach it going on road nr 191 F which connects Valea lui Mihai town with Marghita. Unfortunately there is no railway.The settlement was built on the left terrace of the Ierului stream. On the south it is bounded by the Barcău-hills, on the north by the Ierului river. These geographical factors have played an important role from ancient times  in the life of Salacea. If we take a look at some neolitich maps we can easily notice that from the point where Szalacs begins up to Roşiori and Barcău river, there was a long line of swamp. This swampy land has determined the ecological system of the Ierului Valley for over the centuries.

The memory of the luxuriant forests, plants is preserved in the name of some place names. The reeds, swamps remained until the mid 20th century. In 1967 there was some swamp drainage in the area. The consequence was a lot of cultivable land.

After the revolution in 1989 there were some initiatives for the establishment of new reservations.

On the southern part the village is bounded by some hills (Salacea, Săcuieni), on the northern part was bounded by the swampy land. The red clay of the hills has made the soil perfect for the cultivation of vine. The almost 970 wine cellars in Szalacs underline the mentality of people who lives there: In vino veritas.

Reeds were perfect shelters against intruders and were a source of living for fishermen, hunters, for wattle makers (reed-mace).

 The environment had an influence on the buildings too. There were no rocks, stones, the wood was expensive too. Bricks and shingles were used only for the building of churches. That is why the houses are made from mud, clay bricks, reed.
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salacea  | 2008
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